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Nature and landscape

The island's countryside is attractive and varied with vast plateaus and only a few hills.

The highest mountain is Pico Turquino at 1,947 metres. In the west of the island, Cordillera de Guaniguanico rises to 653 metres and in the southern part of the interior is the Sierra del Escambray.

The highest continuous range of mountains, the Sierra Maestra, descends shortly before the easternmost coastal point.

Cuban rivers are comparatively short and often run underground. Cactuses and thorn bushes grow on the high plateaus. But magnificent Cuban King Palms of up to 40 metres grow everywhere that the ground provides a little nourishment. Typical to the Cuban flora are also the Jaguey with their copious hanging air roots and also the bright red flame trees.